 Aptitude Tests 4 Me

Data Interpretation

Detailed Solution

52. Step 1 - Calculate the total dividends payable per share for each subsidiary
Subsidiary 1 = 6.2 + 15.8 = 22
Subsidiary 2 = 8.5 + 10.5 = 19
Subsidiary 3 = 9 + 46 = 55
Subsidiary 4 = 15 + 10 = 25
Subsidiary 5 = 11 + 25 = 36
Step 2 – calculate the total payable for each subsidiary
Subsidiary 1 = 22 cents x 3 million shares = \$660,000
Subsidiary 2 = 19 cents x 3.5 million shares = \$665,000
Subsidiary 3 = 55 cents x 12 million shares = \$6,600,000
Subsidiary 4 = 25 cents x 2.6 million shares = \$650,000
Subsidiary 5 = 36 cents x 20 million shares = \$7,200,000
Thus the correct answer is (D), Subsidiary 4

53. This question is best answered by a process of elimination:
- Review the last number in each Sales figure. The Sales figures for Subsidiary 1 and Subsidiary 2 end in “4” and the others end in zero.
Since the total ends in “8” both Subsidiary a and Subsidiary b must be included in the answer (i.e. “4” + “4” = “8”).
At this stage you can see that only one of the possible answers includes Subsidiary 1 and Subsidiary 2. If you wanted to complete the sum to double-check, do so.
Subsidiary 1 + 2 + 5 = 1,124 + 3,334 + 14,450 = 18,908 (100,000s).
Thus the correct answer is (C), Subsidiaries 1, 2 and 5

54. Step 1 – calculate next year’s changes in the Subsidiary 5 data Sales 14,450 x 4/5 = 11,560
Number of staff = 13,292 x 115% = 15,285.8
Step 2 – calculate next year’s Sales per member of staff
11,560 / 15,285.66 = 0.756 (in \$100,000’s)
Step 3 – calculate this year’s Sales per member of staff
14,450 / 13,292 = 1.087 (in \$100,000’s)
Step 4 – calculate the % change in the Sales per member of staff
0.756 / 1.087 = 0.6955, which is a 30.4% drop.
Tip: note we must divide 0.756 by 1.087, not the other way round, because the question asks us to go from Year 1 to next year. The calculation depends on what we take as the reference point. In full, the calculation is (1.087 – 0.756) / 1.087 = 30.4%.
Thus the correct answer is (D), 30%

55. This is a fairly straight-forward one.
Step 1 – put the figures from the table into a ratio 15:25
Step 2 – simplify the ratio 3:5
Thus the correct answer is (D), 3:5

56. Step 1 - Calculate the average payroll for each subsidiary
Subsidiary 1 = 12,700,000 / 555 = 22,883
Subsidiary 2 = 40,900,000 / 1,722 = 23,751
Subsidiary 3 = 28,900,000 / 1,343 = 21,519
Subsidiary 4 = 57,000,000 / 1,050 = 20,184
Subsidiary 5 = 435,500,000 / 13,292 = 32,764
Thus the correct answer is (D), Ł20,184

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