Aptitude Tests 4 Me

Data Interpretation

Detailed Solution

1. Step 1 - Put the 3 countries into a ratio
Austria (Quarter 4) : Portugal (Quarter 1): Greek (Quarter 4) = 35,000: 28,000: 21,000
Step 2  simplify the ratio (recognize that 7 is a common denominator) 5:4:3
Thus the correct answer is (D), 5:4:3

2. Tip: Notice that all the available answers have just one country, so we know that as soon as we have found one country that exceeded its target, we have the correct answer and we can move on.
Step 1  Calculate the total unit sales for each country
Greece = 108,300
Portugal = 104,200
Austria = 105,800
Ireland = 102,400
Crotia = 105,200
Step 2  Compare each total to the Yearly Target (Unit sales)
Targets are either 105,000 or 110,000.
Only Austria has exceeded its 105,000 target.
Thus the correct answer is (C), Austria

3. Step 1  calculate this years average number of Portuguese units sold per quarter
(28,000 + 33,200 + 22,600 + 20,400) / 4 = 104,200 /4 = 26,050
Step 2  calculate a 20% increase to get last years average number of Portuguese units sold per quarter
26,050 x 1.2 = 31,260
Thus the correct answer is (B), 31,260

4. Step 1  Calculate the Total value of Austrian unit sales
Total Austrian unit sales = 105,800
Total value of Austrian unit sales = 105,800 x 3.5 = 370,300
Step 2 - Calculate the corporation tax for the first 200,000 of Austrian unit sales
200,000 x 22% = 44,000
Step 3 - Calculate the tax for sales exceeding 200,000
370,300 - 200,000 = 170,300
170,300 x 20% = 34,060
Step 4  calculate the total tax
44,000 + 34,060
Thus the correct answer is (D), 78,060

5. Step 1  Calculate the Total value of Austrian unit sales
Total Austrian unit sales = 105,800
Total value of Austrian unit sales = 105,800 x 3.5 = 370,300
Step 2 - Calculate the corporation tax for the first 200,000 of Austrian unit sales
200,000 x 22% = 44,000
Step 3 - Calculate the tax for sales exceeding 200,000
370,300 - 200,000 = 170,300
170,300 x 20% = 34,060
Step 4  calculate the total tax
44,000 + 34,060
Thus the correct answer is (D), 78,060

6.

7.

Thus the correct answer is (D), Competitor E

8. The information that you need is shown in the graph.
Step 1  Calculate the total operating profits for Competitors B to E
45.4 + 56.5 + 42.9 + 42.7 = £187.5 million
Step 2  Calculate operating profits for the entire sector
187.5 χ 0.85 = 220.6 million.
Step 3  Calculate other companies operating profits
220.6 x 15% = 33.09 million = £33 million approx.
Thus the correct answer is (C), £33 million

9. The information that you need is shown in the graph.
Step 1  Calculate the additional sales for Competitor B
52.5 x 8% = 4.20
Step 2  Calculate the additional sales for Competitor A
57.4 x 7% = 4.02
Step 3  Calculate the additional sales for Competitor C
68.2 x 4% = 2.73
Step 4  Calculate the total sales
4.20 + 4.02 + 2.73 = 10.95
Step 5  to the nearest £million
10.95 = £11 million
Thus the correct answer is (C), £11 million

10. The information that you need is shown in the table.
Calculate the average number of customers per country of operation for each Competitor
Competitor A = 4.2/38 = 0.111
Competitor B = 2.2/30 = 0.073
Competitor C = 4.5/22 = 0.205
Competitor D = 3.1/28 = 0.111
Competitor E = 2.4/32 = 0.080
Thus the correct answer is (A), Competitor A and Competitor D

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