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Reasoning
The Dead Sea Scrolls are probably the most significant archaeological discovery of the twentieth century. More than 800 ancient documents, written on papyrus and parchment, were found in 1947 in desert caves at Qumran, near the Dead Sea. The texts mainly date from between the last century BCE and the first century CE and are comprised of three types of document: copies of books from the Hebrew Bible; apocryphal manuscripts; and documents pertaining to the beliefs and practices of a sectarian community. The former category is arguably of the greatest academic significance, as documents such as a complete copy of the Book of Isaiah enabled historians to analyse the accuracy of Bible translations. However, the secrecy of the scholars appointed by the Israeli Antiquities Authority, and their slow rate of publication, were the subject of international controversy. In 1991, the Huntington Library made photographic images of the full set of scrolls finally available to all researchers. While the scrolls’ importance is indisputable, there is no consensus over the texts’ origins. The traditional view is that the scrolls belonged to an ascetic Jewish sect, widely believed to be the Essenes. The Essenes’ rules and doctrines are even seen by some scholars as a precursor to Christianity. A competing theory holds that the documents are sacred texts belonging to various Jewish communities, hidden in the caves for safekeeping around 68C

305. The traditional interpretation of the Dead Sea Scrolls is that they belonged to an early Christian sect called the Essenes

(a) True
(b) False
(c) Cannot say
(d)

306. Academics debate whether the scrolls are the detailed accounts of one particular sect, or provide historical information about the wider Jewish people

(a) True
(b) False
(c) Cannot say
(d)

307. Not only the origins of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but also the process of their interpretation, have been disputed

(a) True
(b) False
(c) Cannot say
(d)

308. Some scholars believe the Essenes inhabited the desert caves at Qumran, near the Dead Sea

(a) True
(b) False
(c) Cannot say
(d)

309. The Dead Sea Scrolls include the oldest known copy of the Book of Is

(a) True
(b) False
(c) Cannot say
(d)

TOTAL

Detailed Solution




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1. Passage Reading 2. Verbal Logic 3. Non Verbal Logic 4. Numerical Logic

5. Data Interpretation 6. Reasoning 7. Analytical Ability 8. Basic Numeracy

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