(a) Tim has decided to move to another city, so he calls his landlord to tell him that he is not interested in renewing his lease when it expires next month.
(b) Valerie recently lost her job and, for the last three months, has neglected to pay her landlord the monthly rent they agreed upon in writing when she moved into her apartment eight months ago.
(c) Mark writes a letter to his landlord that lists numerous complaints about the apartment he has agreed to rent for two years.
(d) Leslie thinks that her landlord is neglecting the building in which she rents an apartment. She calls her attorney to ask for advice.
2. It is appropriate to compensate someone if you have damaged his or her property in some way. This is called Restitution.Which situation below is the best example of Restitution?
(a) Jake borrows Leslie’s camera and the lens shatters when it falls on the ground because he fails to zipper the case.When Jake returns the camera, he tells Leslie that he will pay for the repair.
(b) Rebecca borrows her neighbor’s car, and when she returns it, the gas tank is practically empty. She apologizes profusely and tells her neighbor she will be more considerate the next time.
(c) Aaron asks Tom to check in on his apartment while he is out of town.When Tom arrives, he discovers that a pipe has burst and there is a considerable amount of water damage. He calls a plumber to repair the pipe.
(d) Lisa suspects that the pothole in her company’s parking lot caused her flat tire. She tells her boss that she thinks the company should pay for the repair.
3. People speculate when they consider a situation and assume something to be true based on inconclusive evidence. Which situation below is the best example of Speculation?
(a) Francine decides that it would be appropriate to wear jeans to her new office on Friday after reading about “Casual Fridays” in her employee handbook.
(b) Mary spends thirty minutes sitting in traffic and wishes that she took the train instead of driving.
(c) After consulting several guidebooks and her travel agent, Jennifer feels confident that the hotel she has chosen is first-rate.
(d) When Emily opens the door in tears, Theo guesses that she’s had a death in her family.
4. A Guarantee is a promise or assurance that attests to the quality of a product that is either (1) given in writing by the manufacturer or (2) given verbally by the person selling the product. Which situation below is the best example of a Guarantee?
(a) Melissa purchases a DVD player with the highest consumer ratings in its category.
(b) The salesperson advises Curt to be sure that he buys an air conditioner with a guarantee.
(c) The local auto body shop specializes in refurbishing and selling used cars.
(d) Lori buys a used digital camera from her coworker who says that she will refund Lori’s money if the camera’s performance is not of the highest quality.
5. Reentry occurs when a person leaves his or her social system for a period of time and then returns. Which situation below best describes Reentry?
(a) When he is offered a better paying position, Jacob leaves the restaurant he manages to manage a new restaurant on the other side of town.
(b) Catherine is spending her junior year of college studying abroad in France.
(c) Malcolm is readjusting to civilian life after two years of overseas military service.
(d) After several miserable months, Sharon decides that she can no longer share an apartment with her roommate Hilary.
6. Embellishing the Truth occurs when a person adds fictitious details or exaggerates facts or true stories. Which situation below is the best example of Embellishing the Truth?
(a) Isabel goes to the theater, and the next day, she tells her coworkers she thought the play was excellent
(b) The realtor describes the house, which is eleven blocks away from the ocean, as prime waterfront property.
(c) During the job interview, Fred, who has been teaching elementary school for ten years, describes himself as a very experienced teacher
(d) The basketball coach says it is likely that only the most talented players will get a college scholarship.
At a small company, parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO, president, vice president, secretary, and treasurer—with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell at a glance if the cars are parked correctly by looking at the color of the cars. The cars are yellow, green, purple, red, and blue, and the executives’ names are Alice, Bert, Cheryl, David, and Enid.
The car in the first space is red.
A blue car is parked between the red car and the green car.
The car in the last space is purple.
The secretary drives a yellow car.
Alice’s car is parked next to David’s.
Enid drives a green car.
Bert’s car is parked between Cheryl’s and Enid’s.
David’s car is parked in the last space.
7. What color is the vice president’s car?
8. Who is the CEO?
9. Who is the secretary?
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