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1. Passage Reading 2. Verbal Logic 3. Non Verbal Logic 4. Numerical Logic 5. Data Interpretation 6. Reasoning 7. Analytical Ability 8. Quantitative Aptitude

Passage Reading and English Comprehension

Detailed solution

154. (d) correct misconceptions (Because here the author is trying to explain why the productivity of Japanese firms is more and suggests that "more fruitful explanation may lie with Japanese production techniques")

155. (a) The production levels of Japanese-run plants located in the United States would be equal to those of plants run by United States companies (Because if the "the unique characteristics of Japanese employees and the Japanese culture" is responsible for higher productivity then in United States the production level of both Japanese and US owned firms should be same)

156. (a) Prior to the 1960ís, the productivity levels of the top Japanese automakers were exceeded by those of United States automakers (Because it was in 1960s the two top Japanese firms doubled the production of US firms)

157. (d) They are trained to do more than one job (Because the para 2 suggests that the Japanese trained "workers in multiple jobs")

158. (c) A fact is stated, and an explanation is advanced and then refuted (Because the author first tells about the higher productivity level of Japanese firms and then he gives an explanation that it might be due to japanese people and then finally refutes it by telling that Japanese firms in US staffed by local US people also have higher productivity)

159. (b) The need to store extra components not required for immediate use (Because higher production will lead to storage problem of extra inventory and this one of the change in production technique adopted by Japanese firms)

160. (a) Japanese and United States automakers differ in their approach to production processes (Because the para 2 suggests that this is correct reason for higher productivity of Japanese firms)

161. (a) The efficiency levels of the Japanese automakers will decline if they become less flexible in their approach to production (Because the "use of flexible equipment" is one of departures from the conventional processes adopted by the Japanese firms.


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