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Passage Reading and English Comprehension

1094. Technoloagy, such as smart-phones and business software, are said to be making a marked difference to life of local people in Ghana. An example of this can be seen in Janga, in the North of Ghana. Janga's economy is predominantly dependant on the collection and export of Shea nuts, traditionally collected by the wome of the community.

Thanks to the introduction of smart phones, Shea nut collectors are now able to attach barcodes to each bag of nuts that they collect. Scanning these barcodes on smart-phones means that tan individual can keep track of the delivery. The barcodes also identify ehich bags belong to whom, so that the collectore receives the right price for their product, based on the amount of and the quality of nuts they collected. While this business model is simple, it wndows local workers with more control and bargaining power.

Which statement is definetely true?

(a) Technology increased the workers control over the products they sell
(b) Technology has enabled individual workers to keep in contact
(c) The business model is described in the passage complicated
(d) The barcode on each bag identifies which area the nuts came from

1095. The traditional view, that gaining a degree will provide long-term employment security, has been questioned. The traditional story goes that to get ahead in society, one must spend three to four years and, in most cases, accumulate debt along the way. To leave school with no further education is to gain an unsatisfying career with little potential.

However, it can be questioned whwther this pattern provides a valid representation of comtemporary society. With the rise of tuition fees, the average student debt is at an all time high. In addition, there is even greater competition for graduate jobs.

The Chronicle of Higher Education notes that between 2007 and 2009 the number of students going to university increased by 20% in the USA, 60% in Europed and almost 200% in Asia. With these increases in competition, it is little wonder that the traditional path is being questioned.

Which statement is not true?

(a) The average student debt is at an all-time high
(b) There has been an increase in the number of people going to university
(c) There has been a decrease in the number of people going to university
(d) The traditional university path is being questioned

1096. The right of those working in the public sector to strike is controversial. Many private sector workers are of the opinion that the cost to tax payers and delays or slosures in services outweighs any benefit that may be achieved through industrial action. IN addition to this, employers have been criticised for their inability to prevent their workers from striking; it is the responsibility of employers to provide for teh continual smooth running of public services, many of which provide a vital aspect of day to day life. An example of this can be seen in the transport industry, where severe delays can have a knock-on effect on the functioning of other inductries. Union should be encouraged to find a less disruptive way of settling disputes.

Which one of the following is a problem caused by industrial action?

(a) Delays or closures, in public service such as public transport
(b) A lack of control over workers by employers
(c) An increase in the power of unions
(d) The right of those working in the public sector to belong to a union

1097. The level of air pollution in London is at a record high, with the level of nitrogen dioxide (NO2 the highest of any EU country. As a result of such high levels of pollution, the UK has received a number of warnings from the EU for its failure to comply with European laws, and may face a possible fine.

In addition to this, experts warn that the levels of pollution will affect the weather; leading to periods of storm like weather throughout the summer months and an increase in temperature in the winter. Such pollutants are particularly problematic for those who run in the city on a regular basis; leading to chest pains, a decrease in lung capacity and coughing and other problems.

Which one of the following statement is true?

(a) The UK has been fined for high levels of pollution in London
(b) London has the highest level of nitrogen dioxide in Europe
(c) European laws ban the production of nitrogen dioxide
(d) Running often in the city does not cause chest pains

1098. What qualities and attributes make a political leader successful? A recent poll asked voters what they looked for in the ideal political leader; a good economic strategy perhaps, a willingness to admit the past mistakes of one's party or the ability to be likeable as a person. The popular answer seems to be 'credibility'; voters want someone they can trust.

How does this translate into a political strategy? To begin with, the poll suggests confusion surrounds the very basics of politics; what do the parties stand for anymore? The past few years has seen such a convergence in political ideals that once clear 'blue' conservative and 'red' labour lines are now somewhat purple. To be credible, to be a successful political leader, you mustn't be afraid of hanging the banners and stating your policy. By this, and not doing a political 180 after the election, is the key to number 10.

What does the author mean by stating that 'a convergence in political ideals' has blurred the once clear blue and red lines?

(a) Conservative and Labour parties have become similar
(b) Conservative and Labour parties have become more distinct
(c) Conservative and Labour MPs have become geographically closer
(d) Conservative and Labour party are currently merging

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1. Passage Reading 2. Verbal Logic 3. Non Verbal Logic 4. Numerical Logic

5. Data Interpretation 6. Reasoning 7. Analytical Ability 8. Basic Numeracy

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