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Passage Reading and English Comprehension

819. The Pareto principle, also known as the 80-20 rule states that for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come form 20% of the causes. For example in a business setting, it is suggested that 80% of a company's sales will likely come from 20% of their client base. This phenomenon was first identified when it was found that 80% of Italy's land was owned by 20% of its population. Similar results have been found in the USA, France and the UK. The theory was further supported by its founder when he discovered that 20% of the peapods in his garden contained 80% of the peas.

What country did the identifier of the Pareto principle first identified this phenomenon?

(a) Italy
(b) USA
(c) UK
(d) France

820. The democracy index, devised by the Economist intelligence unit measures the state of democracy in 167 countries around the world, 166 of which are sovereign states and 165 are members of the United Nations. In this index there are 4 different groupings which denote a countries' level of democracy, at the top is a full democracy, of which many North American and Western European countries belong. Next is a flawed democracy, of which many South American and Latin American countries belong. Next are hybrid regimes, of which may Asian and Eastern European countries belong. Last, and therefore the least democratic countries are authoritarain regimes, which many North African and Middle Eastern countries belong.

Which countries tend to contain hybrid regimes?

(a) South America and Latin America countries
(b) Asian and eastern European countries
(c) North African and middle eastern
(d) West African and sub-Sahara

821. The emperor penguin is the tallest and heaviest specific of penguin, and is native to Antarctica. Both males and females of the species are of similar height (122 cm) and weight (22-45 kg). Its diet is primarily of fish but also includes crustaceans such as krill and cephalopods such as squid. When hunting, the species can remain submerged for up to 18 minutes, diving to a depth of 535 m (1755 ft). To allow it to function at low oxygen levels, it has evolved solid bones to reduce barotrauma and the ability to reduce its metabolism.

How deep can the emperor penguin submerge while hunting?

(a) 1775ft
(b) 1775m
(c) 535ft
(d) 535m

TOTAL

Detailed Solution




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1. Passage Reading 2. Verbal Logic 3. Non Verbal Logic 4. Numerical Logic

5. Data Interpretation 6. Reasoning 7. Analytical Ability 8. Basic Numeracy

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