Passage Reading and English Comprehension
(a) persuade readers that factory farms should be more strictly regulated to minimize the harm they cause
(b) suggest economic alternatives to factory farms, such as organic farming and soybean production
(c) complain about the water pollution caused by the irresponsible practice of keeping waste lagoons on CAFOs
(d) educate readers about the pros and cons of CAFOs
1578. Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that animals raised on CAFOs live indoors because
I. animals that live indoors require fewer antibiotics than animals raised outside
II. some animals raised inside produce more appealing meat
III. animals raised indoors are less expensive to maintain
(a) l only
(b) II only
(c) I and II only
(d) II and III only
1579. The author describes CAFOs as having a negative impact on the environment for all of the following reasons except
(a) animal waste pollutes water sources near factory farms
(b) exhaust from farm machinery contributes to air pollution
(c) animals that live in overcrowded environments waste energy
(d) fertilizer-rich runoff from farms contaminates the environment
1580. Which of the following statements from paragraph 5 represents an opinion, as opposed to a fact?
(a) “Factory farming uses more land than any other agricultural or industrial enterprise in the country”
(b) “It has been estimated that the grain used to feed livestock in the United States alone could feed up to 800 million people in one year”
(c) “Producing equivalent amounts of protein from chicken meat and soybeans does not require equivalent amounts of energy”
(d) “Grain and energy supplies should be used more efficiently to produce food sources other than livestock”
1581. Which of the following pieces of information, if true, would best strengthen the author’s argument in paragraph 6?
(a) People who reduce their intake of meat raised on factory farms reduce their chances of developing high blood pressure and heart conditions
(b) A town in North Carolina that used to be situated next to a hog waste lagoon reported 50% fewer cases of respiratory illness after the lagoon was shut down
(c) Factory farms that are forced to adhere to air and water quality protection standards often report a 30% decrease in annual profits
(d) Several animal rights groups have supported bills to force factory farms to abide by greater environmental protection standards
1582. In the final paragraph, the author states that meat from animals raised on factory farms is cheaper than organic or free-range meat. The author likely admits this fact in order to
(a) provide a balanced perspective before concluding that the drawbacks of CAFO-produced meat outweigh the economic benefits
(b) give readers enough information so that they can come to their own conclusions about CAFOs’ benefits and drawbacks
(c) warn readers about the economic dangers that would result from shutting down CAFOs
(d) criticize supporters of CAFOs for being more concerned with the economy than the environment
1583. As used in the final paragraph, which is the best synonym for advocates?
1584. Which of the following statements contains a valid objection to the author’s argument in the final paragraph that he or she does not address?
(a) Not everyone wants to be a vegetarian
(b) An increase in food prices is more than just an inconvenience for many households; it can mean the difference between having enough to eat or not
(c) Factory farm owners pay taxes just like everyone else, and therefore they should be allowed input in the creation and modification of environmental policy
(d) If farms move toward producing more organic products, food prices will likely go up
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