aptitudetests4me.com
Aptitude Tests 4 Me


bulletPassage Reading

bulletVerbal Logic

bulletNon Verbal Logic

bulletNumerical Logic

bulletData Interpretation

bulletReasoning

bulletAnalytical Ability

bulletBasic Numeracy

bulletAbout Us

bulletContact

bulletPrivacy Policy

bulletGoogle Privacy & Terms

bulletSite Map Page

Passage Reading and English Comprehension

The work which Gandhiji had taken in hand was not only the achievement of political freedom but establishment of a social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brotherhood, and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of freedom. In the political struggle the fight was against a foreign power and all could and did either join in it or at least wish it success and give it their moral support. In establishing the social order of his pattern, there was a likely possibility of a conflict arising between groups and classes of our own people.

Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival through his descendants after his body is reduced to ashes. That new order cannot be established without radically changing men's mind and attitude towards property and at some stage or other the haves have to yield place to the have-nots. We have seen in our time attempts to achieve a kind of egalitarian society and the picture of it in action after it was achieved. But this was done, by and large, by the use of physical force. In the result it is difficult, if not impossible, to say that the instinct to possess has been rooted out or that it will not reappear in an even worse form under a different face. It may even be that like gas kept confined within metallic containers under great pressure, or water held behind a big dam, that breaks the barrier, reaction will one day sweep back with a violence equal in extent and intensity to what was used to establish and maintain the outward egalitarian form. This enforced egalitarianism contains in its bosom the seed of its own destruction.

The root cause of class-conflict is possessiveness or the acquisitive instinct. So long as the ideal that is held up to be achieved is one of the securing the maximum of material satisfaction. Possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows by what it feeds upon. Nor does it cease to be such, it is possessiveness still whether it is confined to a few only or is shared by many. If egalitarianism is to endure, it has to be based not on the possession of the maximum of material goods whether by few or by all but on voluntary enlightened renunciation denying oneself what cannot be shared by others or can be enjoyed only at the expense of others. This calls for substitution of spiritual values for purely material ones. The paradise of material satisfaction that is sometimes equated with progress these days neither spells peace nor progress. Mahatma Gandhi showed us how the acquisitive instinct inherent in man could be transmuted by the adoption of the ideal of trusteeship by those who have for the benefit of all those who have not so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become a means and incentive to the amelioration and progress of society.

1798. According to the passage, true egalitarianism will last if

(a) It is based on truth and non-violence
(b) It is thrust upon people
(c) People inculcate spiritual values along with material values
(d) Haves and have-nots live together peacefully

1799. According to the passage, people ultimately overturn the form of a social order

(a) Which is based on coercion and oppression
(b) Which is based upon conciliations and rapprochement
(c) Which does not satisfy their basic needs
(d) Which is not congenial to the spiritual values of the people

1800. According to the passage, the root cause of class conflict is

(a) Exploitation of the have-nots by the haves
(b) Dominant inherent acquisitive instinct in man
(c) The paradise of material satisfaction
(d) A social order where underprivileged are not involved in its establishment

1801. Which of the following statement is not true in the context of the passage?

(a) New order can be established by radically changing people's outlook towards it
(b) Enforced egalitarianism can be the cause of its own destruction
(c) Adoption of ideal of trusteeship can minimize possessive instinct
(d) Ideal of new order is to secure maximum material satisfaction

1802. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

(a) In establishing the social order of Gandhi's pattern, possibility of a conflict between different classes of society hardly existed
(b) A social order based on truth and nonviolence alone can help the achievement of political freedom
(c) It is difficult to change men's mind and attitude towards property
(d) In an egalitarian society, material satisfaction can be enjoyed only at the expense of other

1803. According to the passage, the adoption of ideal of trusteeship means

(a) adoption of the ideal by the have-nots for the benefit of the society
(b) Equating peace and progress with material satisfaction
(c) Voluntary, enlightened renunciation of possessive instinct by the privileged class
(d) Substituting spiritual values for material values by those who live in paradise of satisfaction

1804. According to the passage, egalitarianism will not survive if

(a) Underprivileged people are not involved in its establishment
(b) It is achieved by resorting to physical force
(c) It is based on voluntary renunciation
(d) People's outlook towards it is not radically changed

1805. According to the passage, man values his possessions more than his life because

(a) He is endowed with possessive instinct
(b) He has inherent desire to share his possessions with others
(c) Only his possessions help him to earn love and respect from his descendants
(d) Through possessions he can preserve his name after his death

1806. According to the passage, which was the unfinished part of Gandhiji's experiments?

(a) Establishment of an egalitarian society
(b) Achieving total political freedom for the country
(c) Educating people to avoid class conflict
(d) Radically changing men's mind and attitude towards truth and non-violence

1807. Which of the following statement is not true in the context of the passage

(a) True egalitarian can be achieved by giving up one's possessions under compulsions
(b) Possessive instinct is a natural part of human being
(c) Man values his life less than his possession
(d) In the political struggle the fight was against the alien rule

TOTAL

Detailed Solution




Download Free EBooks for GMAT, GRE, ACT, SAT, LSAT, MCAT etc.

1. Passage Reading 2. Verbal Logic 3. Non Verbal Logic 4. Numerical Logic

5. Data Interpretation 6. Reasoning 7. Analytical Ability 8. Basic Numeracy

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100
101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140
141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160
161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180
181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200
201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220
221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240
241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260
261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280
281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300
301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320
321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340
341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360
361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380
381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400
401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419

Tell Your Freind

Your Name:
Your Friends Email Address:
Your Friends Name: